Most of the terrain is marked by rugged mountains interrupted by narrow valleys that cut deeply into the land. Only one-fifth of the country lies below 150 m, and the highest peak, Galdhopiggen, in the Jotunheim range, rises to 2,469 m. The Dovrefjell and Langfjell ranges are found in southern Norway. The only region that can be described as coastal lowland lies in the area surrounding Oslo, the capital city, in the extreme southeast. Along much of the coast sheer cliffs drop spectacularly to the sea, forming the fjords, which are among the most distinctive features of the country. The longest and deepest of these is the Sogne Fjord. About 150,000 offshore islands and rocks serve as a barrier that helps protect the coast from Atlantic storms. The Lofoten group is the largest among these islands. The Satellight database does not cover the extreme north of Norway above the fjord of Trondheim.
The climate is temperate, and the severity of winter along the coast is moderated by southerly air currents brought in above the waters of the North Atlantic Drift, which is warmed by the Gulf Stream. The coastal region has a January average temperature that varies from about -1°C in the north to more than 7°C in the south. Winter temperatures drop sharply inland and readings below -18°C are common. Summers are cool throughout the country, with averages at sea level no higher than 16°C in July. Temperatures rise a few °C higher in the lowlands near the Swedish border. Rainfall is high everywhere and drops below 1,017 mm only in the southeast. Almost one-third of the country lies within the Arctic Circle. The northernmost city in Europe, Hammerfest, is situated in this region, where the Sun shines almost continuously for 24 hours at the height of the summer.
Total population is 4,383,807 (World Factbook, July 1996 est.). The capital city is Oslo. Beside Oslo, the biggest cities within Satellight are Bergen, Stavanger and Trondheim.
Stations from the IDMP Network measure both daylight and solar radiation.

Clock Time: GMT+1. Summer time shift (GMT+2), from last Sunday in March,
to Saturday before last Sunday in October.

Norsk Lysteknisk Komite
c/o Lyskultur,
POB 165
N 1321 Stabekk
Tel: +47 67 10 43 80
Fax: +47 67 10 43 81
CIE on the Internet.


More information is available at Amadeus or the Electric Library

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