The Slovakia landscape is dominated by the Carpatian Mountains, mainly on the northern and central part of the country. The dominants of the scenery of Slovakian mountains are the High and Low Tatras. The highest place in Slovakia is Gerlach peak in the High Tatras with 2,654 m above sea level. The lowest place is in Eastern Slovakia on Bodrog river 94 m above sea level. Southern Slovakia is situated on the Danube and West Slovakian Lowland, the most important agricultural territory, and on Eastern Slovak Lowland. Slovakia has a total area of 49,035 square kilometers.
Slovakia lies within a comparatively temperate zone marked by the transition from maritime to continental climate and by substantial variations of air temperature and precipitation according to elevation. The average annual air temperature is ranging from 4 to 10°C. Winters are generally cold, with many days of subfreezing weather. Summers are moderately warm, with maximum temperatures under 35°C. Annual precipitation ranges from 450 to 1,030 mm.
Total population is 5,374,362 (World Factbook, July 1996 est.). The average density is 108 inhabitants par square kilometer. Urban population is 3,012,084 (56.9%) living in 135 towns and the rest is spread in 2,679 villages. The total number of flats in residential and family houses is 1,768,833. The capital of Slovakia is Bratislava on the Danube river with a population of 444,062 (as of December 31,1991), while the second largest city Kosice (population 236,259) is located in the eastern part of Slovakia.
Stations from the IDMP Network measure both daylight and solar radiation.

IDMP Network/Bratislava

Lat.: 48°10' N
Long.: 17°05' E
Height above sea level: 195 m

Dr Stanislav Darula
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Institute of Construction and Architecture
9, Dubravska Road
842 02 Bratislava, Slovakia
Tel: +421 7 378 2498
Fax: +421 7 372 494

Clock Time: GMT+1. Summer time shift (GMT+2), from last Sunday in March,
to Saturday before last Sunday in October.

  1. STN 73 0580-2 "Daylighting of buildings, Part 2, Daylighting of residential buildings", 1992.

  2. STN 36 0000 "Terminology of illuminating engineering", 1967.

  3. STN 36 0004 "Artificial light and lighting. General code", 1967.

  4. STN 36 0008 "Glare, its evaluation and avoidance", 1962.

  5. STN 36 0010 "Light measurement, Root code", 1965.

  6. STN 36 0014 "Measurement of daylighting", 1967.

  7. STN 36 0015 "Measurement of artificial illumination", 1967.

  8. STN 36 0041 "Daylighting of schools", 1965.

  9. STN 36 0042 "Lighting of schools by artificial light", 1965.

  10. STN 36 0082 "Artificial lighting of hospitals", 1967.

  11. STN 36 0450 "Artificial illumination of interior spaces", 1986.

  12. STN 36 0451 "Artificial illumination of industrial spaces", 1987.

  13. STN 36 0452 "Artificial lighting of residential buildings", 1986.

  14. "Hygienic requirements on the work environment. Obligatory direction", 7/1978, Slovak Ministry of Healthcare, reg 20/1978.

  15. "Standard methods for measuring and evaluating the illumination conditions of work and other interior spaces", Acta hygienica, epidemiologica et microbiologica, Appendix 7, Praha, May 1975.

  16. "Daylighting of flat rooms". Code of practice. Ratio Bratislava, 1992.
  1. Anon. : "Climatic and fenological conditions in the Western Slovakian region", Hydrometeorological Institute Prague, 1968.

  2. Anon. : "Climatic and fenological conditions in the Central Slovakian region", Hydrometeorological Institute Prague, 1972.

  3. Anon. : "Climatic and fenological conditions in the Eastern Slovakian region", Hydrometeorological Institute Prague, 1966.

  4. Anon. : "Climate of the Czechoslovak Socialistic Republic", Hydrometeorological Institute Prague, 1968.

  5. Koncek M. et al. : "Climate and bioclimate of Bratislava", VEDA Bratislava, 1979.

  6. Anon. : "Atlas of Slovak Socialistic Republic". Publ. by the Slovak Academy of Science and Slovak Geodetic and Cartographic Office, Bratislava 1980.

  7. Anon. : "Yearbook of radiation measurements on the Slovak territory". Periodic publication of the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Bratislava, 1988.
Professor J. Puskàs
Slovak Technical University
Department of Building Science
Radlinského 11
Bratislava 813 68
Tel: +421 7 361448
Fax: +421 7 325618
The Slovak National Committee of the CIE
c/o Comlux sro,
Gruzinska 19
821 05 Bratislava,
Tel/Fax: +421 7 322133
CIE on the Internet.


More information is available at Amadeus or the Electric Library

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