Northwestern Sweden is crossed by an ancient mountain chain rising to Sweden's high point of 2,111 m in Kebnekaise (Mount Kebne). The remainder of the Norrland (north of about latitude 60° north) is a southeast-sloping plateau that rises to between 200 and 500 m. South of the Norrland, forming the region of Svealand in central Sweden and Gotaland farther south, is a varied region of plains and rift valleys that rise to a high point of only 377m in the Southern Swedish Highlands near Jonkoping. To the north of the highlands is the Central Swedish Depression, a down-faulted, lake-strewn lowland extending across the peninsula from near Goteborg to east of Stockholm and Uppsala. To the south is Skone, a low-lying, predominantly agricultural area. The Satellight database does not cover the extreme north of Sweden above the city of Boden.
Because of its latitudinal extent, Sweden has a number of climate regimes. A cold, west coast, or northern forest (boreal), type of maritime climate similar to that found in New England dominates the country's west coast. The northern two-thirds of the country has a continental climate marked by severe winters. The south central areas experience the long, cold winters of the north, but they enjoy milder summers. The mountain regions remain cool in summer. In January temperatures decrease markedly from south to north, averaging -0.8°C at Lund (in the south), -2.8°C at Stockholm, and -13.7°C at Jokkmokk (north of the Arctic Circle). In July, when many hours of sunshine are recorded in the north and nearly 24 hours of continuous daylight north of the Arctic Circle, the temperature variation is minimal. July temperatures thus show only a narrow range from an average of 15°C at Jokkmokk, to 18°C at Stockholm, and only 17°C at Lund. Precipitation averages 610 mm and ranges from more than 914 mm in exposed western mountain areas to less than 457 mm in the extreme eastern part of Sweden. Snow remains on the ground for 40 days in southernmost Sweden, 100 days in the Stockholm area, and 250 days in the northwest mountains.
Total population is 8,900,954 (World Factbook, July 1996 est.). Sweden has one of Europe's fastest rates of urbanization and one leaving much of the countryside depopulated. The urban population was 83% of the total population in 1993. The three largest urban areas are Stockholm, Goteborg, and Malmo. Gotaland and Svealand, forming the southernmost third of Sweden, are the most densely populated regions, with more than four-fifths of the total population; Norrland, by contrast, has 59% of the total land area but less than one-fifth of the total population.
Stations from the IDMP Network measure both daylight and solar radiation.

IDMP Network/Gavle

Lat.: 60°40' N
Long.: 17°10' E
Height above sea level: 16 m

Hans Allan Löfberg
Royal Institute of Technology
Department of Built Environment
Box 88 S-801-02 Gävle, Sweden
Tel: +46 26 14 78 00
Fax: +46 26 14 78 01
E-mail :

IDMP Network/Kiruna

Lat.: 67°50' N
Long.: 20°25' E
Height above sea level: 408 m

Jan-Erik Karlsson
Swedish Meteorological & Hydrological Institute, SMHI
Folkborgsvägen 1
S-601 76 Norrköping, Sweden
Tel: +46 11 158 381
Fax: +46 11 151 707

IDMP Network/Norrkoping

Lat.: 58°35' N
Long.: 16°09' E
Height above sea level: 43 m

Jan-Erik Karlsson
Swedish Meteorological & Hydrological Institute, SMHI
Folkborgsvägen 1
S-601 76 Norrköping, Sweden
Tel: +46 11 158 381
Fax: +46 11 151 707

Clock Time: GMT+1. Summer time shift (GMT+2), from last Sunday in March,
to Saturday before last Sunday in October.

Svenska Nationalkommitten av CIE
c/o Ljuskultur
Box 55126
S-114 85 Stockholm
Tel: +46 8 667 58 34
Fax: +46 8 667 34 91
CIE on the Internet.


More information is available at Amadeus or the Electric Library

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